The Congressman Ed Pastor Freeway

The Congressman Ed Pastor Freeway is expected to trigger an economic explosion for the West Valley but also pour at least 117,000 vehicles, half of them semis, just south of Ahwatukee.

After decades of planning and preparation, years of litigation and 36 months of digging, blasting and back-breaking work, the Congressman Ed Pastor Freeway is about to open.

Gov. Doug Ducey today, Dec. 18, announced the completion of for the 22-mile, eight-lane link between connecting the Chandler and West 59th Avenue interchange on Interstate 10 – and a thoroughfare for an estimate 117,000 to 140,000 vehicles a day, half of them trucks.

But exactly when the freeway will be open is another matter.

Asked for a date by AFN, Arizona Department of Transportation Director John Halikowsky replied, "Soon."

He said there remained to be some necessary last-minute tasks - including the installation of lane reflectors and a skid-resistant topping for the rubberized asphalt, according to an ADOT spokesman - as well as a final inspection.

"We're committed to opening by the end of the year," Halikowski added.

Joining Ducey for the announcement at the new freeway bridges over the Salt River were a host of dignitaries and officials, ranging from Phoenix Mayor Kate Gallego and Gov. Stephen Roe Lewis of the Gila River Indian Community to state Sen. Sean Bowie and Rep. Jennifer Jermaine and  Arizona Cardinals President Michael Bidwill, as well as members of the late congressman’s family.

Ducey and others hailed the achievement, which at $1.7 billion is the most expensive single highway project in state history, saying it “connects the East Valley and West Valley in ways that will impact the region's economy for decades and "enable our state’s growth for generations to come.” 

While the freeway remains closed, state police have been using for several weeks and have been able to cruise the entire stretch in 13 minutes without speeding, one source said.

On Dec. 19, State Transportation Board members will get a private tour along the entire stretch – and State Transportation Board Chairman and County Supervisor Jack Sellers couldn't wait, explaining that he has been involved one way or another with discussions of the freeway "for longer than I can remember."

"I did tell them one thing: I want it open while I am still chairman" of the board, said Sellers, whose term expires Dec. 31.

Chief State Engineer Dallas Hammit told the board last month, “There’s still a lot of work to be done. All those lawsuits trying to stop the project are done, but there are some concerns on right-of-way, on noise walls we’re working with through our normal process.” 

Even after it opens – most likely next week – there are three major pieces that will take about six months to complete.

They include two last-minute additions costing an extra $20 million – interchanges at 32nd Street in Ahwatukee and near Ivanhoe Street around the Vee Quiva Casino on the Gila River Indian Community. 

Also slated for completion next year is the 15-to-20-foot-wide multi-use path along six miles of  southern side of the Ahwatukee segment of freeway that ADOT agreed to build after cyclists and joggers complained about the loss of flat Pecos Road and its mountain and open-desert vistas. 

The $1.7-billion freeway is the work of Arizona’s first major public-private partnership between ADOT and a consortium of companies called Connect202Partners.

That partnership used a design-build approach to the freeway with a 30-year maintenance agreement. Connect202Partners is led by Fluor Enterprises Inc., and includes Granite Construction Co., Ames Construction Inc. and Parsons Brinckerhoff Inc. as the lead designer. Additionally, 10 subcontractors had participated in the construction.

Fluor and DBi Services, LLC, will maintain the lanes for 30 years with oversight from ADOT.

“The project has turned heads around the industry because its sophisticated alternative delivery package is expected to result in cost savings between $122 and $200 million and bring motorists onto the new freeway about three years ahead of schedule,” said HDR, a general engineering consultant ADOT used for the freeway.

The project includes two half-mile bridges over the Salt River, 15 interchanges, high-occupancy vehicle lanes as well as HOV ramps, five underpasses for wildlife and hikers and the state’s first half-divergent diamond interchanges.

 The two half-divergent interchanges are both in Ahwatukee, at Desert Foothills Parkway and 17th Avenue, and are patterned after full-divergent diamond interchanges in a handful of other states to improve safety and mobility for motorists, cyclists and pedestrians.

Along the entire stretch of the freeway, crews installed more than 20 miles of drainage pipe, laid over 107,000 tons of asphalt pavement, built 40 bridges, installed more than 1,000 girders, built 40 bridges, moved 9.9 million cubic yards of dirt and used 10,800 tons of rebar manufactured from recycled steel.

Government and private-sector leaders hailed the project as a vital step toward completion of the freeway loop system promising to stimulate massive economic development in parts of Phoenix and the West Valley. 

“Throughout the design-build-maintain lifecycle, South Mountain Freeway is estimated to create about 30,000 jobs,” HDR said, indicating it would generate $2 billion in economic development along the entire stretch of the freeway and beyond.

Gilbert Mayor Jenn Daniels said last year, “As an East Valley mayor, I am especially excited to see this extension take place from a business perspective. The freeway will provide an economic development corridor and will better connect businesses in the East and West Valleys.”

“I saw firsthand how the Loop 202/Santan Freeway helped business development,” Daniels added. 

Chandler Mayor Kevin Hartke told AFN today that his city has been preparing for months for the freeway's opening – eager to tap into the potential job market in the West Valley to fill hundreds of opening in Chandler.

"There's a very qualified workforce out there, whether it's plumbers, electricians, carpenters or engineers," Hartke told the San Tan Sun News, saying newer companies that have settled in Chandler "are super-excited about this freeway opening."

 That flow of jobs could be a two-way street.

Orion Real Estate Investment said while the freeway would be “a release valve for traffic congestion on existing freeways and local streets,” it envisions explosive growth in the West Valley 

“It’s not often when 22 miles of freeway is added to a major city in the U.S.,” Orion said. “It also isn’t often when a large area becomes ripe for a slew of economic development opportunities for a variety of markets. Phoenix is set to see all of this become a reality when the South Mountain Freeway is finished.”

It predicted the industrial sector “will feel the most immediate impact.”

“The West Valley has become the epicenter of Phoenix’s industrial market, primarily for logistics operations,” it said, noting the traffic congestion on the I-10 “has been caused by semi-trucks moving goods eastward.”

Also marked for completion next year are two last-minute additions to the project totaling an extra $20 million – interchanges at 32nd Street in Ahwatukee and near Ivanhoe Street near the Vee Quiva Casino on the Gila River Indian Community. 

Also slated for completion next year is the 15-to-20-foot-wide multi-use path along six miles of  southern side of the Ahwatukee segment of freeway that ADOT agreed to build after cyclists and joggers had complained about the loss of flat Pecos Road and its mountain and open desert vistas.

The $1.7-billion freeway is the work of Arizona’s first major public-private partnership between ADOT and a consortium of companies called Connect202Partners.

That partnership used a design-build approach to the freeway with a 30-year maintenance agreement. Connect202Partners is led by Fluor Enterprises Inc., and includes Granite Construction Co., Ames Construction Inc. and Parsons Brinckerhoff Inc. as the lead designer. Additionally, 10 subcontractors had participated in the construction.

Fluor and DBi Services, LLC, will maintain the lanes for 30 years with oversight from ADOT.

“The project has turned heads around the industry because its sophisticated alternative delivery package is expected to result in cost savings between $122 and $200 million and bring motorists onto the new freeway about three years ahead of schedule,” said HDR, a general engineering consultant ADOT used for the freeway.

Government and private-sector leaders also have hailed the project as a vital step toward completion of the freeway loop system and said the Congressman Pastor Freeway will stimulate massive economic development in parts of Phoenix and the West Valley. 

“Throughout the design-build-maintain lifecycle, South Mountain Freeway is estimated to create about 30,000 jobs,” HDR said, indicating it would generate $2 billion in economic development along the entire stretch of the freeway and beyond.

Gilbert Mayor Jenn Daniels said last year, “As an East Valley mayor, I am especially excited to see this extension take place from a business perspective. The freeway will provide an economic development corridor that will better connect businesses in the East and West Valleys.”

“I saw firsthand how the Loop 202/Santan Freeway helped business development,” Daniels added. 

Orion Real Estate Investment said that while the freeway would be “a release valve for traffic congestion on existing freeways and local streets,” it envisions explosive growth in the West Valley 

“It’s not often when 22 miles of freeway is added to a major city in the U.S.,” Orion said. “It also isn’t often when a large area becomes ripe for a slew of economic development opportunities for a variety of markets. Phoenix is set to see all of this become a reality when the South Mountain Freeway is finished.”

It predicted that the industrial sector “will feel the most immediate impact.”

“The West Valley has become the epicenter of Phoenix’s industrial market, primarily for logistics operations,” it said, noting the traffic congestion on the I-10 “has been caused by semi-trucks moving goods eastward.”

The freeway “will provide another route to access the fast-growing East Valley or reconnect to the I-10 in Chandler while bypassing traffic in and around downtown, Orion said, adding:

“Last-mile deliverers will likely view West Valley as a more viable location moving forward and will feel less pressure to establish operations somewhere in the East Valley. Conversely, logistics companies in the East Valley will have easier access to the West Valley and major metropolitan areas in California.”

Orion also  forecast an explosion in multifamily construction, primarily in areas of south and west Phoenix like Laveen and South Mountain.

“Traditionally, most demand here comes from single-family home buyers seeking a suburban lifestyle,” it said. “But the South Mountain will become more convenient for renters in need of quick freeway access to major employment centers in the East Valley.”

It noted that Gilbert and Chandler were basically “farm towns with an abundance of developable land” until they “were transformed into dynamic economic engines in a relatively short period of time.”

Orion also forecast significant office building and retail growth will follow the resident development.

Less clear is the impact on the huge swath of reservation land that the freeway runs near. One warehouse project already is on the books on Gila River Indian Community land at 40th Street and the ramps near Ivanhoe Street are being installed partly to provide “improved access to and from the Gila River Indian Community west of the freeway.”

But Gov. Stephen Roe Lewis has already put in the past the fight his community waged to stop the freeway.

"We're now connected and we're looking to the future," he told AFN. He said his community is now giving "top priority" to working with ADOT an agreement for widening the last stretch of I-10 that is still two lanes in each direction - the 22-mile segment between the Queen Creek Interchange and Casa Grande. 

The South Mountain Freeway, renamed in honor of Pastor in recognition of his work on behalf of many freeway projects in Arizona, was first conceived in 1983 as the Southwest Loop Highway and became more than a wish list item when voters approved the freeway system in 1985.

But it wasn’t until ADOT began buying up homes in Ahwatukee neighborhoods in the early part of this century as part of its right-of-way acquisitions that opposition ballooned.

The Gila River Indian Community and a group of Ahwatukee homeowners united as Protect Arizona’s Resources and Children had distinct reasons for fighting the freeway in the form of two federal lawsuits that eventually were treated by the courts as one big case.

Native Americans primarily opposed the freeway because it cut through three peaks of South Mountain, which they consider sacred. PARC zeroed in on the environmental impact of all the trucks and cars on children who attended more than a dozen schools along the thoroughfare’s path.

Those environmental concerns also were shared by the Gila River Indian Community, which accused ADOT of running roughshod over sacred burial sites despite ADOT’s assertion that it had devoted countless hours to carefully examining land in the freeway’s path so that no sacred sites were desecrated.

Ahwatukee homeowners near the freeway’s footprint said that the tens of thousands of vehicles a day that will be using the freeway will generate toxic fumes that posed health hazards not only to school children but virtually anyone living there.

“No freeway is worth the destruction of the South Maintain Park and Preserve,” PARC President Patricia Lawlis said last week. “That this freeway represents a huge investment for little benefit except for trucking companies is especially reprehensible.”

Both ADOT and the Federal Highway Administration vehemently denied the allegations, contending they had devoted years of analysis to the freeway’s impact on wells, air, noise and nearby parkland and that the had adhered to all federal environmental guidelines, even going beyond the mandate of those guidelines.

The government, tribal and neighborhood parties in the suit filed thousands of briefs and exhibits as opponents tried to stop it. 

In August 2016, U.S. District Judge Diane Humetewa’s issued a 35-page decision rejecting all the opponents’ claims and ADOT announced it would immediately begin removing federally protected plants, such as Saguaros, from the freeway path and relocating them in safe areas for replanting once construction was complete.

Thousands of more pages of briefs followed as opponents tried to upend the decision in the Ninth District of the U.S. Court of Appeals.

The fight died there as a panel of judges upheld Humetawa.

But the discontent didn’t die.

The construction triggered numerous complaints by residents, who said crews working almost round-the-clock were disrupting people’s sleep and that extensive blasting cracked foundations and walls on homes and garages,

While residential communities near the freeway look with anxiety at what a newly opened freeway will bring to their neighborhood, residents already have been bitterly complaining about unshielded lights that have forced a number of residents to buy black-out curtains as their backyards take on the look of a stadium during a night game.

ADOT said it would install light shields, but those shields so far have not been installed.

They also have complained about ADOT’s failure to extend the sound walls along the Ahwatukee portion of the freeway far enough west. ADOT said its decibel studies indicated the wall was not needed in the area because its traffic noise would be below the decibel level will not go beyond the federally mandated threshold that would warrant noise suppression.

The agency said it will revisit the issue next year as traffic begins pouring onto the freeway.

But while resentment among some people is drowned out by praise for the project, one thing is clear: The freeway will likely be open by Christmas and bring with it a new world to thousands of people in many different forms.

(1) comment

Avi8tor321

Please rename it the Ed Pastor Truck Bypass which is all it will be. It will likely be the most heavily travelled truck route in the US, combining trucks from the Eastern US with trucks from Mexico. I hope someone will investigate the health problems with children who attend Lagos Elementary who will play and attempt learning only feet from a polluted noisy freeway.

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