1399: King Richard II became the first English monarch to abdicate his throne.

1829: Sir Robert Peel’s police force, the “bobbies,” began operations at Scotland Yard.

1895: French chemist Louis Pasteur died.

1978: John Paul I died one month after becoming pope.

1982: Seven people died after taking Extra-Strength Tylenol capsules laced with cyanide. This led to the use of safety seals on most consumer products.

1988: The space shuttle Discovery was launched, the first American-staffed space flight since the Challenger disaster.

2001: Former South Vietnam president Nguyen Van Thieu died.


“I have found the best way to give advice to your children is to find out what they want and then advise them to do it.”

Harry S. Truman

(1884 — 1972)

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