Sports drinks were first created in the 1960s. Gatorade, for example, was developed by researchers at the University of Florida to help athletes replace water lost as a result of exercise and exposure to heat and humidity. The product included water, small amounts of carbohydrates/sugars, and electrolytes. People who exercise, especially in the Arizona heat, need to replace water on a regular basis. However, experts indicate that, except for those who are vigorously active, special sports drinks are not necessary — water does the job.
At schools such as Mountain Pointe in Ahwatukee, students take a fitness education class designed to help them become physically literate and meet Arizona Department of Education standards for physical education. One of the standards requires students to “demonstrate understanding of movement concepts, principles, strategies, and tactics as they apply to learning and performance of physical activities.” Two specific performance outcomes describe student expectations. Specifically students must be able to: (1) “Explain the difference between facts and myths related to physical activity,” and (2) “Identify and describe products that enhance or prohibit levels of physical activity.”
The signs in front of local schools do not carry a message that most kids want to hear — “School Begins in Early August.” In spite of protests, our kids are now making the usual preparations: buying school supplies, school clothes and often a new backpack. Whether old or new, some guidelines for using backpacks will come in handy for both youth and their parents.
Now that school is out for the summer it is time to consider ways to encourage kids to be active. We know that school activities such as recess, physical education, classroom exercise breaks, and before- and after-school physical activities all contribute significantly to meeting national guidelines for physical activity (60 minutes per day recommended). Research also indicates that many kids are sedentary during the summer months, getting less moderate to vigorous activity than during the school year. So when school is out it is important for kids to find other opportunities for exercise.
Last week I was contacted by phone and asked to participate in an opinion poll regarding the Lakes Golf Course. It turned out that the poll was not conducted to get research data, but to try to influence my opinion about the future of the Lakes Golf Course. It was a “push poll!” A push poll is “an ostensible opinion poll in which the true objective is to sway voters using loaded or manipulative questions. This is done intentionally to camouflage the true nature of the push poll (Oxford Dictionary).”
In 2008 the United States Department of Health and Human Services (USDHHS) appointed a committee of national experts to revise existing physical activity guidelines to include recommended amounts of physical activity for people of all ages (www.health.gov/paguidelines/guidelines). The guidelines for children recommended:
Thousands of people are within days of a long awaited, country style vacation. Country Thunder 2014 is just around the corner, and with a star-studded lineup, the four-day country music festival will likely attract a record crowd.
Literacy refers to being educated or cultured. If pressed to define literacy, most people would cite the three Rs (Reading, wRiting, and aRitmatic). But modern definitions include literacy in other important areas including: computer/technology, science, humanities (including art and music), health, and physical literacy. We all want our children to be competent in the 3 Rs, and science. Most now recognize the need for computer/technology literacy. Other areas of literacy are often deemed less important. For example, the Scottsdale schools are currently considering cutting music, art, and physical education programs to save money. When finances are tight, these areas of literacy are often neglected. All to frequently these subjects are pitted against each other, ignoring the fact that the “whole child” comes to school, and that literacy in all three areas is critical to overall learning and child well-being.
The Arizona Diamondbacks announced today the 2014 promotional schedule, which includes six bobbleheads and more than a dozen additional promotional items and special theme nights throughout the season.
To better equip students with a healthier lifestyle during and after school, Mary Dean, physical education instructor at Kyrene de las Lomas Elementary School, and three of her colleagues presented their research on “Wellness Weeks: A Total School Approach for Promoting Physical Education” at last year’s Arizona Health and Physical Education state convention.
Country Thunder is preparing for a massive musical onslaught in the desert April 10-13, 2014. Jason Aldean, reigning ACM Male Vocalist of the Year, will headline the Florence festival along with firecracker hit maker Miranda Lambert and family trio The Band Perry.
Wellness is a term that has gained in popularity in recent years. Wellness is used as a name for a variety of products and programs, and as a result the term is sometimes misused. The President’s Council on Fitness, Sports and Nutrition Digest defines wellness as “a multidimensional state of being describing the existence of positive health in an individual as exemplified by quality of life and a sense of well-being.” Adopting healthy lifestyles, including being regularly active and eating well, are “processes” that lead to the “products” of health and wellness.
In the United States the average kid (age 8-18) spends 7.5 hours a day in front of a screen or on the phone. To counter sedentary living patterns, national physical activity guidelines for youth have been developed. The guidelines call for at least 60 minutes of physical activity each day for children and teens. The guidelines are based on the amount of physical activity necessary to promote good fitness, health, and wellness. Only 29 percent of high school students meet the 60-minute daily guideline and 14 percent don’t do any physical activity that causes them to breathe hard or that increases heart rate on any day during the week.
In a previous column I discussed the PACER, a test of cardiovascular fitness that is part of the national youth physical fitness test battery (FITNESSGRAM). FITNESSGRAM, was developed at the Cooper Institute in Dallas and is now offered as a cooperative program with the President’s Council on Fitness, Sports, and Nutrition (PCFSN) and the American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance (AAHPERD). In addition to assessing cardiovascular fitness, the FITNESSGRAM Test Battery includes tests of muscle fitness, flexibility, and body composition.
The Arizona Diamondbacks will host the ninth annual SUBWAY D-backs FanFest on Saturday, Feb. 9, from 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. at Chase Field. The free event will offer fans unprecedented access to current players, coaches, alumni and broadcasters, including autograph and photo sessions on the field. Last year’s event drew an estimated 25,000 fans to Chase Field.
Cardiovascular fitness is generally considered to be the most important component of health-related physical fitness. Other commonly used terms for cardiovascular fitness include cardiorespiratory endurance, aerobic fitness, and aerobic capacity. The national youth physical fitness test (FITNESSGRAM), developed at the Cooper Institute in Dallas, is now offered as a cooperative program with the President’s Council on Fitness, Sports, and Nutrition (PCFSN) and the American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance (AAHPERD). The recommended test for youth in the FITNESSGRAM battery is called the Progressive Aerobic Cardiovascular Endurance Run (PACER).