Job Market

In this photo taken Thursday, April 19, 2012, Kelman Edwards Jr. works on his laptop in an apartment complex clubhouse near the campus of Middle Tennessee State University in Murfreesboro,Tenn., as he searches for a job. The college class of 2012 is in for a rude welcome to the world of work. A weak labor market already has left half of young college grads either jobless or underemployed in positions that don't fully use their skills and knowledge. (AP Photo/Mark Humphrey)

Mark Humphrey

Arizona’s jobless rate jumped three-tenths of a point last month to 8.3 percent and now is a full percentage point higher than the national figure.

But the state economist who reports the figures said it’s not time to panic — at least not yet.

“It’s one number,” she said. “And it’s a ratio of two things.”

Specifically, the state does a monthly survey of 1,000 households to find out who is employed and whether those not working are looking for jobs. Put simply, the math in this case found an increase in those who want work and a drop in those actually working.

But Murthy said the unemployment rate shows only part of the picture.

“I would look at it in conjunction with other numbers,” she said. “Is it telling me something we should truly be concerned about?”

One of those numbers, Murthy said, is how many Arizonans are applying for unemployment benefits. And Murthy said that figure has remained relatively stable.

She considers that to be a good indicator, calling it a “real world” figure.

“You can’t go hungry,” Murthy said. “You’re going to file a claim.”

Murthy acknowledged that the gap between the state and federal jobless rate has increased now for several months. And that, she said, bears watching.

But Murthy said it is not a sign for panic.

“Panic is only when you go up and up and up and up,” she said.

“I would say that things are not improving a whole lot,” Murthy continued. “I wouldn’t say panic immediately.”

Another set of numbers Murthy is watching comes from a separate monthly survey of employers. And that shows that jobs are being added in most sectors of the economy.

But there were some key exceptions.

Manufacturing not only shed 1,800 workers between July and August but employment remains 1,200 below where it was a year earlier.

There also were month-over-month losses in construction. But Murthy said that’s not unusual for this time of year.

On the other side of the equation, the state’s retailers added 2,400 workers in August, boosting total retail employment by 5,900 since last year. Murthy said a lot of this can be tied to back-to-school purchases.

Health care employment, which never was hit by the recession, continues to increase.

And there also are more jobs at bars and restaurants.

Murthy said these jobs tend to be toward the bottom of the pay scale. But she said that, strictly speaking, jobs are jobs.

“It has kept a lot of people employed,” Murthy said.

One ongoing issue is the effects in Arizona of what’s going on in Washington.

Murthy said many of the losses in manufacturing can be linked to sequestration, the automatic cuts in federal spending that kicked in when the president and Congress could not agree on any other method of trying to bring the budget into balance. She said that means fewer federal contracts, directly impacting things like the manufacture of aircraft and parts.

And things may not get any better going forward.

Some congressional Republicans are calling for the sequestration cuts to be locked in — or at least kept in place for the time being — as part of any deal to keep government operating.

But Murthy said the good news for Arizona is that manufacturing comprises only a small percentage of the total state economy, only about 6 percent of all jobs.

Less clear is what happens if there is no deal on the federal budget and there is a government shutdown. Murthy said the effects on the Arizona economy will depend on how long that lasts.

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