Ducey favors cautious charter school finance reform
By Howard Fischer, Capitol Media Services
Gov. Doug Ducey said he’s open to the idea of reforms in how charter schools are operated, including how they handle their finances.
For the moment, though, he has no specific suggestions. And he remains convinced that the private schools which in Arizona can be operated as for-profit entities remain an “innovation.’’
But others already are moving ahead.
Sen. Kate Brophy McGee, R-Phoenix, told Capitol Media Services on Tuesday she wants lawmakers to mandate that there be better oversight of the people who own and operate what are technically public schools run by private entities that get taxpayer funds.
“I am uncomfortable with the nepotism that exists on charter boards,’’ she said, referring to the boards that are supposed to have oversight of how the schools operate and how they spend their money. “I don’t feel those boards are necessarily independent.’’
That, Brophy McGee said, is necessary for proper oversight.
“Are these truly independent boards that hold these operators accountable?’’ she asked. “Or are they a collection of friends and family members who just vote for stuff?’’
She also wants lawmakers to revamp what constitutes a conflict of interest, saying the current rules permit too many legislators to vote on issues that affect their own finances.
Attorney General Mark Brnovich is pursuing his own take on transparency.
Aide Ryan Anderson said his boss wants to reinstate the ability of the Auditor General’s Office to do independent audits of charter finance operations, a power that was rescinded nearly two decades ago.
“Somebody has to be able to have the ability to do the forensics,’’ he said.
The bigger issue, Anderson said, is trying to keep the public money that charter operators get separate from their own private finances.
On one hand, he acknowledged, charter owners are paid a flat fee by the state for each student. And Anderson said that, in general, it is up to the school officials to decide how to spend that money.
But Anderson said his office has gotten reports that dollars that should go to educating children has instead been spent on tickets to golf tournaments and even trips to Hawaii to supposedly buy school supplies.
In response to a question, Ducey said last week that he was aware of multiple reports on how the owners of the for-profit charter schools that Arizona law permits have managed to enrich themselves with the money they get from state taxpayers.
These include the owner of an online charter school with a high dropout rate getting an $8.8 million shareholder distribution, and a state lawmaker who runs a charter operation selling off the buildings that were constructed with the cash he got for educating students.
“Some of the things I have been reading are concerning me,’’ Ducey said. And the governor said he already spoke with Brophy McGee earlier this week “about reforms we can put forward to close some of these gaps.’’
But Ducey suggested he wants a cautious approach to changes.
“They were an innovation in education,’’ he said.
“There’s been a lot of breakthroughs,’’ the governor continued. “There’s a lot of our charters that are known nationally.’’
In fact, Ducey is such a strong supporter of charter schools – even those that operate as for-profit entities – that he pushed through legislation which has the state guaranteeing the loans taken out by charter owners for the schools they build. Those guarantees enable the owners to borrow money at lower interest rates.
Documents obtained by Capitol Media Services show that to date the state has underwritten $142 million of those loans. And the governor has denied the arrangement violates a constitutional provision against the state lending its credit to private companies.
But all that goes to the related issue of who benefits: The buildings constructed by charter school operators – some with those below-market loans courtesy of the state backing – belong to the charter owners who remain free to sell them off and pocket the profits.
Under Arizona law, charter schools are public schools. They are supposed to be open to all, though there have been complaints that some of these schools make it difficult for parents of students with special needs to enroll.
In exchange, the state provides money on a per-student basis.
The latest figures from the Joint Legislative Budget Committee put basic state aid at $6,748 for each youngster in a charter school compared with $5,389 for those in traditional public schools. The difference is supposed to make up for the fact that charter schools can’t go to voters to seek bonding for construction or budget overrides.
What charter owners do with the money they get from taxpayers is pretty much up to them. Brophy McGee said that’s part of what needs to be reviewed.
But Brophy McGee said something else is needed: a change in the rules that govern when state lawmakers can vote on issues that affect their own pocketbooks.
She cites Rep. Eddie Farnsworth, R-Gilbert, who owned the Benjamin Franklin Charter School and its four campuses. Yet Farnsworth has been a key player in arguing against further state regulation of charter schools.
State law says public officials have only a “remote’’ conflict of interest if they are one of at least 10 people who would be similarly affected by a vote. And at last count, there were more than 500 charter schools operating in the state.
Brophy McGee said incidents like that show why that “rule of 10’’ needs to be revisited.
“It gives us the incentive to go back and take a look at that,’’ she said. “When does someone stop being a subject-matter expert and start voting toward their vested financial interest?”
Farnsworth said he has no problem reviewing the law. But there needs to be a recognition that Arizona has a citizen legislature, meaning everyone either owns a business or works for one and would be affected by virtually any change in the law.
And he said that question of financial interest could be carried to its illogical conclusion where no one could vote on changes in vehicle license fees. He said that some lawmakers already steer a wide path around any potential conflict, saying that Rep. Paul Boyer, R-Phoenix, and Michelle Udall, R-Mesa, specifically avoided voting on the recently approved pay hike for teachers statewide because it would affect them personally.
Farnsworth also just got permission from the state Board for Charter Schools to sell off his for-profit Benjamin Franklin Charter School and its four campuses for anywhere from $11.8 to $29.9 million according to board figures.